LIBRARY.SE is a Swedish open digital library, repository of author's heritage and archive

Register & start to create your original collection of articles, books, research, biographies, photographs, files. It's convenient and free. Click here to register as an author. Share with the world your works!

THIS WONDERWORLD OF ARCHAEOTA
By Lena VOROBYEVA, Dr. Sc. (Biol.), M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University A most significant event in 20th-century biology occurred twenty-six years ago as a new form of life was discovered. These are Archaeota, the organisms remarkable for a peculiar, hitherto unknown mode of existence. Side by side with the domains of eukaryotes and prokaryotes, they constitute what we might call a third domain of life... Ancient philosophers pointed to the dichotomy (dual, twofold nature) of the living world composed that it was of the plant and animal kingdoms. With the discovery of microorganisms by the Dutch natural scientist Antony van Leewenhoek in 1683 (which he called "little animals") the animal kingdom came to be divided into two essential parts- the micro- and the macro-organisms. And with the appearance of electron microscopy in the 1950s microbiologists, who could now study cell structures, divided all organisms into eukaryotes (with a discrete cell nucleus) and prokaryotes (having no cell nucleus). Accordingly, two types of ribosomes, eukaryotic and prokaryotic, were thought to correspond to these two levels of cell organization. But one had no inkling of two distinct forms of prokaryotic life! The discovery of a new domain of life by a research team of Illinois University under Carl Woese in 1977 opened a new page in biology. This event is compared to the discovery of Australia (in 1606), a continent heretofore unknown to Europeans who were stupefied to see the kangaroo and eucalyptus trees for the first time there. Archaeota hold a key to our understanding of the origins of primitive life, of the eukaryotic cell in particular. They enable a better insight into the evolution of metabolism, photosynthesis and information processes. The development of our planet is closely related to the existence of prokaryotes-in fact, the microbes account for more than 90 percent of the philogenetic*, metabolic, molecular and ecological diversity of the earth. The discovery of ... Read more
____________________

This publication was posted on Libmonster in another country. The article seemed interesting to our editor.

Full version: http://libmonster.com/m/articles/view/THIS-WONDERWORLD-OF-ARCHAEOTA
Sweden Online · 326 days ago 0 52
Link
Permanent link to this publication:

http://library.se/blogs/entry/THIS-WONDERWORLD-OF-ARCHAEOTA


© library.se
Professional Authors' Comments:
Order by: 
Per page: 
 
  • There are no comments yet
Guest comments




Actions
Rate
0 votes

Publisher
Sweden Online
Stockholm, Sweden
26.09.2018 (326 days ago)
 


Who Like this
Likes · Dislikes
 
Empty
ONE WORLD -ONE LIBRARY
Libmonster is a free tool to store the author's heritage. Create your own collection of articles, books, files, multimedia, and share the link with your colleagues and friends. Keep your legacy in one place - on Libmonster. It is practical and convenient.

Libmonster retransmits all saved collections all over the world (open map): in the leading repositories in many countries, social networks and search engines. And remember: it's free. So it was, is and always will be.


Click here to create your own personal collection
THIS WONDERWORLD OF ARCHAEOTA
 

Support Forum · Editor-in-chief
Watch out for new publications:

About · News · Reviews · Contacts · For Advertisers · Donate to Libmonster

Swedish Digital Library ® All rights reserved.
2014-2019, LIBRARY.SE is a part of Libmonster, international library network (open map)


LIBMONSTER - INTERNATIONAL LIBRARY NETWORK