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On the rotation of electrons around the nucleus of an atom

 

The body of an atom is composed of gravitons. Moreover, all gravitons are polarized north-south to the center of the atom. And the electron, jumping from graviton to graviton, retains its north-south polarization, where the electron has the top - the north, and the bottom - the south. Electrons have such spatial configuration both in the body of the atom and in the electromagnetic wave. Electrons in the electron-positron current, which propagates in the ether adjacent to the conductor, have the same spatial configuration, as evidenced by Faraday’s experiment, set two hundred years ago, which modern physicists knew but forgot.

Strictly speaking, it is not the electrons that rotate around the nucleus of the atom, but their energy in the form of photons, which jump from one graviton to a neighboring graviton.

The photon of a free electron polarizes gravitons attracted to the photon, which form the electric field of the electron, and polarizes the gravitons, which are attracted to the central graviton, and which form the magnetic field of the electron.

 The riddle of an electron that does not emit an electromagnetic wave is explained by the fact that the photon only polarizes gravitons, which form the electron's electric field. Gravitons, which form the electron magnetic field, remain unpolarized.

This is explained by the fact that gravitons attracted to the central graviton (that is, attracted from below and above the electron) are in graviton spheres, one of which is above the graviton sphere along which the photon moves, the other - under it.

And since the graviton spheres rotating around the nucleus have a rotational speed decreasing from the nucleus, it is clear that the mismatch of the speeds of motion of the graviton spheres is the reason that the gravitons forming the magnetic field remain not polarized.

Electromagnetic wave without a magnetic component is not able to form.

The rotating nucleus, together with the protons emitting a positive potential, is a generator of the rotation of electrons.

The electron revolves around the nucleus of the hydrogen atom according to the laws of classical electrodynamics, as all electrons around all the nuclei of all atoms, as evidenced by the photo of the hydrogen atom https://lenta.ru/news/2013/05/27/atom/ .

The photo was obtained using a photoionization microscope, the phosphorescent screen of which reflects the image.

The photo was taken using snapshots of twenty thousand atoms.

The nuclei of these atoms, of course, cannot be fixed at one point, therefore, in the photo of the nucleus they "dance" around the center of the atom, and, therefore, "dance" and electrons around the point of its real stay in its orbit.

In addition, the electrons periodically jump from one orbit to another, which is why electrons "dance" even more.

But, despite this “dance”, we see full-fledged orbits in the photo, and not mathematically calculated orbitals.

Seeing full-fledged orbits in the photo, and stubbornly continue to call them orbitals, this is similar to schizophrenia.

Since the electrons around the nucleus move according to the laws of classical electrodynamics, then, therefore, neither the uncertainty principle, nor the wave functions of electrons are applicable to their motion.

An electromagnetic wave in an atom is born when a graviton with an electron charge, leaving the sphere in which it moves, turns into a free electron that already has a magnetic field.

The free electron intersects the force lines of the gravitational fields of the atom, consisting of magnetic dipoles, and in the course of its movement it falls into a magnetic field that changes its intensity with changing poles, where electrons and positrons of an electromagnetic wave are born.

The force lines of the gravitational field of an atom are no different from the lines of force of the gravitational field of the Earth. And because a free electron at the intersection of the force lines of the gravitational field of the Earth emits an electromagnetic wave, just as when crossing the lines of force of the gravitational field of any atoms.

 

Details can be found on the author's website: the article The Great Association was held http://tverd4.narod.ru/100.html

 

 О вращении электронов вокруг ядра атома

 

Тело атома сложено из гравитонов. Причём, все гравитоны имеют поляризацию север-юг к центру атома. И электрон, перескакивая от гравитона к гравитону, сохраняет свою  север-юг поляризацию, где у электрона верх – север, а низ – юг. Такую пространственную конфигурацию электроны имеет как в теле атома, так и в электромагнитной волне. Такую же пространственную конфигурацию имеют электроны в электронно-позитронном токе, который распространяется в прилегающем к проводнику эфире, о чём свидетельствует опыт Фарадея, поставленный двести лет тому назад, о котором современные физики знали, но забыли.     

Строго говоря, вокруг ядра атома вращаются не электроны, а их энергия в виде фотонов, которые перескакивают от одного гравитона на соседний гравитон.

Фотон свободного электрона поляризует притянутые к фотону гравитоны, образующие электрическое поле электрона, и поляризует гравитоны, которые притянутые к центральному гравитону, и которые образуют магнитное поле электрона. 

 Загадка не излучающего электромагнитную волну электрона объясняется тем, что фотон своим зарядом поляризует только гравитоны, образующие электрическое поле электрона. Гравитоны же, образующие магнитное поле электрона, остаются не поляризованными.

 Объясняется это тем, что гравитоны, притянутые к центральному гравитону (то есть, притянутые снизу и сверху электрона), находятся в гравитонных сферах, одна из которых находиться над гравитонной сферой, по которой двигается фотон, другая – под нею.  

А так как вращающиеся вокруг ядра гравитонные сферы имеют убывающую от ядра скорость вращения, то понятно, что рассогласованность скоростей движения гравитонных сфер является причиной того, что гравитоны, образующие магнитное поле, остаются не поляризованными.

Электромагнитная волна без магнитной составляющей не способна формироваться.  

Вращающееся ядро вместе с излучающими положительный потенциал протонами является генератором вращения электронов.   

Электрон вращается вокруг ядра атома водорода по законам классической электродинамики, как и все электроны вокруг всех ядер всех атомов, о чём свидетельствует фото атома водорода https://lenta.ru/news/2013/05/27/atom/ .

Фото получено с помощью фотоионизационного микроскопа, фосфоресцирующий экран которого, отражает картинку. 

Фото получено посредством моментальных снимков двадцати тысяч атомов.

Ядра этих атомов, понятно, невозможно зафиксировать в одной точке, поэтому на фото ядра «пляшут» вокруг центра атома, а, следовательно, «пляшут» и электроны вокруг точки его реального пребывания на своей орбите.

К тому же, электроны периодически перескакивают с одной орбиты на другую, отчего электроны «пляшут» ещё больше.

Но, несмотря на эту «пляску», на фото мы наблюдаем полноценные орбиты, а не математически высчитанные орбитали.

Видеть на фото полноценные орбиты, и упорно продолжать их называть орбиталями это похоже на шизофрению.  

Так как электроны вокруг ядра движутся по законам классической электродинамики – то, следовательно, ни принцип неопределенности, ни волновые функции электронов к их движению неприменимы.   

Электромагнитная волна в атоме рождается, когда гравитон, обладающий зарядом электрона, покидая сферу, по которой он двигался, превращается в свободный электрон, который уже имеет магнитное поле.

Свободный электрон пересекает силовые линии гравитационных полей атома, –  состоящих из магнитных диполей, –  и по ходу своего движения попадает в изменяющее свою напряжённость магнитное поле со сменой полюсов, где и рождаются электроны и позитроны электромагнитной волны.

Силовые линии гравитационного поля атома ничем не отличаются от силовых линий гравитационного поля Земли. И потому свободный электрон при пересечении силовых линий гравитационного поля Земли излучает электромагнитную волну, точно так же, как и при пересечении силовых линий гравитационного поля любых атомов.

 

Подробности можно посмотреть  на сайте автора: статья  Великое объединение состоялось http://tverd4.narod.ru/100.html

Orphus

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On the rotation of electrons around the nucleus of an atom // Stockholm: Swedish Digital Library (LIBRARY.SE). Updated: 19.01.2019. URL: http://library.se/m/articles/view/Why-an-electron-rotates-around-the-nucleus-of-an-atom (date of access: 15.09.2019).

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