Moscow, Publishing House "International Relations", 1966, 478 p. The print run is 4000 copies. Price 1 rub 08 kopecks.
The author of the book under review has written a number of works on the recent history of Romania, which were once positively evaluated in the Soviet and Romanian press1 . The book under review examines one of the most difficult periods in the history of Romania - the time of the establishment of the military-fascist dictatorship and the emergence of the anti-fascist struggle of the masses, which turned into a popular revolution that led to the overthrow of the bourgeois-landowner power. N. I. Lebedev not only summarized the latest achievements in this area, but also developed a number of problems that remained unexplored or poorly studied in Soviet and Romanian historiography.
The monograph is based on a solid documentary base. The author has studied the materials of the Archive of Foreign Policy of the USSR, as well as documents of the Romanian archives: the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party, the Institute of Party History under the Central Committee of the RCP, the Ministry of Armed Forces and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Romania. The book uses a rich collection of microfilms of Romanian archival documents stored in the Historical and Diplomatic Archive of the USSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs, documentary publications on the topic published in Romania and other countries, periodicals in Russian, Romanian, English and other languages. The author is critical of various works of bourgeois researchers of Romanian history during the Second World War.
One of the most important issues discussed in this book is the nature of Romanian fascism. Bourgeois historians try to present it as a mere product of anti-Semitism. Some Western authors (A. Hilgruber, Seaton - Watson, Lukacs), especially reactionary Romanian emigrants, claim that the establishment of a military-fascist dictatorship in Romania was allegedly the result of a ... Read more