Libmonster ID: SE-424

On August 22, 2007, SHIRAB BODIEVICH CHIMITDORZHIEV, Doctor of Historical Sciences, professor, a well-known Russian orientalist who made a significant contribution to the study of the history and culture of Mongolia and the Mongolian peoples, turned 80. He is an academician of the Petrovsky Academy of Sciences and Arts, Honorary President-Academician of the International Academy of Nomadic Civilizations, Honorary Doctor of the Institute of History of the Mongolian Academy of Sciences. Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Buryatia.

Sh. B. Chimitdorzhiev was born in the village of Kizhinga in the Kizhinga aimag of Buryat Mongolia. He graduated from the Kizhinga Secondary School, then took a one-year course in mathematics teacher training under the Ministry of Education of the Buryat-Mongolian ASSR. In 1947, he entered Leningrad State University at the Mongol-Tibetan Department of the Faculty of Oriental Studies. He graduated from the university with a degree in Oriental history. In 1952-1955, he worked in the office of the Buryat-Mongolian Regional Party Committee as a translator of Marxist and political literature, and as an instructor in the propaganda and agitation Department.

In 1955, he entered postgraduate studies at the Department of History of the Far East Countries of Leningrad University, where he graduated with a thesis for the degree of Candidate of Historical Sciences. He worked in 1959-1964 at the Tomsk State University, in 1964-1973 at the Buryat Pedagogical Institute, at the Departments of General History and History of Eastern countries. In these universities, he taught the history of the countries of the foreign East, conducted special courses and special seminars on the problems of the East.

Since 1973, Sh. B. Chimitdorzhiev worked in the Buryat branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences: he headed the sector of Mongolian studies and the Department of Oriental Studies of the Buryat Institute of Social Sciences. Currently, he is a chief researcher at the Institute of Mongolian Studies, Buddhology and Tibetology of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, a professor at the Department of General History of Buryat State University, a member of Dissertation Councils at Tomsk and Irkutsk Universities, and a member of the Council at the Institute of Mongolian Studies, Buddhology and Tibetology of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. He takes part in the training and certification of highly qualified Orientalists and historians, acting as a supervisor for graduate students and applicants.

In 1980, Sh. B. Chimitdorzhiev defended his doctoral dissertation on "Relations between Mongolia and Russia and the countries of Central Asia (XVII-XVIII centuries)" at the Institute of Oriental Studies of the USSR Academy of Sciences (Moscow).

Sh. B. Chimitdorzhiev is one of the leading experts in the field of research on the problems of medieval and modern history of Mongolia, the history of international relations in Central Asia and the Far East, Mongolian source studies and the cultural heritage of the Mongolian peoples. He is the author of more than 300 research papers, including more than ten monographs. Author and editor of monographic works, collective works, and scientific collections.

The main place in his scientific work is occupied by the problems of relations between Mongols and neighboring peoples and countries, first of all, the relations of Mongols with the peoples of Siberia, Central Asia and the Russian state. In his works: "Mongolia and Russia "(Moscow, 1987), " Relations between Mongolia and Russia (XVII-XVIII centuries) "(Moscow, 1978), " Relations between Mongolia and Central Asia "(Moscow, 1979), "Russian Chronicles as a source on the history of medieval Mongols" / / Medieval Culture Mongolian peoples (Novosibirsk, 1992)-contains historical materials and generalizing conclusions describing the relations of Mongolia with these peoples and countries in the Middle Ages and modern times, starting from the era of Genghis Khan. Mongolian-Soviet, Mongolian-Russian relations in the XX century. They are covered by the author in the book " Cooperation of the USSR and the MNR in the field of science and culture "(Novosibirsk, 1983).

page 207

The first work of Sh. B. Chimitdorzhiev devoted to the history of the national liberation movement of the Mongolian people was the book " The Anti-Manchurian struggle of the Mongolian people (XVII-XVIII centuries) "(Ulan-Ude, 1974). In 2002, the author published the monograph "The National Liberation Movement of the Mongolian people in the XVII-XVIII centuries". In these works, chronicles, archival and folklore materials, sources in the Old Mongolian script are widely used. The scientist reveals the problems of the Mongolian liberation movement against the background of the international situation in Central Asia and East Asia. He examines in detail the alignment of political forces in Mongolian society, attempts to create a unified political union in the face of Qing aggression, and describes the stages of the liberation struggle. He notes that at every stage the liberation movement was led by such bright leaders as Ligden Khan, Tsogt Taiji, Galdan-Boshoktu, Amarsana, Chingunzhav.

His works have been published in Russian, Buryat, Mongolian, English, Chinese, Japanese, Bulgarian, Czech and other languages.

Sh. B. Chimitdorzhiev is inextricably linked with his time, lives by the pain and problems of the people. He does a lot to restore the historical truth and revive the Buryat traditional culture, language and customs of his people, raise self-awareness and solve national problems fairly. Here he is helped by his profession - science. From history, he draws facts to develop the problems of the modern era. A number of his works became widely known in the republic and abroad. These are "Buryat-Mongols: history and modernity", " Who are we-Buryat-Mongols?", "Did the Buryats have a civilization?" and books published in the Buryat language: "Mongol Oron", "Sagaalgan", "Surgaalai ugenuud".

Sh. B. Chimitdorzhiev made a significant contribution to the elimination of" white spots " in the history and culture of the Buryat-Mongolian people. On his initiative and with his direct participation (as an author, compiler, translator and commentator), collections of Buryat chronicles in the Buryat and Russian languages were published for the first time in the republic. Sh. B. Chimitdorzhiev is the compiler and one of the authors of the serial publication " Outstanding Buryat Figures "(1st-7th issue). In addition, he has published separate works included in this series: "Outstanding figures-natives of Khori-Buryats", "Tsyben Zhamtsarano", "Outstanding scientist and writer Bimbin Rinchen"," Tsokto Badmazhapov - discoverer of the" dead"city of Khara-Khoto", "T. N. Rumyantsev - orientalist". The trip of the Buryat delegation with a petition to Sagaan Khan-Peter I is dedicated to his books " The Journey of the Khori-Buryats to Sagaan Khan (the White Tsar)", "The Trip of the Khori-Buryat delegation to Peter I in 1702-1703" (2001).

Sh. B. Chimitdorzhiev is a participant of international congresses of Mongolian studies in Ulaanbaatar, conferences and symposia in Moscow, Baku, Tbilisi, Dushanbe, Kobdo, Ulangom, Sapporo, Varna, Osaka... For many years, the scientist has been working with Mongolian scientists and academic institutions and universities in Mongolia to study the problems of the history of Mongolia and the Mongolian peoples, taking part in the preparation of joint works, holding symposia and training scientific personnel.

Sh. B. Chimitdorzhiev was a member of the Board of the Soviet Committee for Solidarity of Asian and African Countries and the Presidium of the Association of Orientalists of the USSR. Today, he is a member of the Board of the Society of Mongolian Studies under the Russian Academy of Sciences.

As an expert consultant, he participates in the activities of legislative and executive authorities of Buryatia. A number of his references, suggestions and recommendations (on the revival of the Buryat language and national traditions and customs, on the illegal dismemberment of the BM ASSR in 1937) were adopted by government and parliamentary decisions. Information about the revival of the national holiday "Sagaalgan" served as the basis for the adoption of the Decree of the Supreme Soviet of the Buryat ASSR "On giving Sagaalgan the status of a national holiday".

Sh. B. Chimitdorzhiev is a member of the Council of the Congress of the Buryat People and the Council of the All-Buryat Association for the Development of Culture, a member of the boards of the Agvan Dorzhiev and Elback-Dorjo Rinchino public foundations. His participation in the activities of Buryat public organizations has played and still plays an important role in the adoption and implementation of conceptual programs-recommendations that contribute to the consolidation of the nation and the revival of the ethnic group.

For a great contribution to the study of the history and culture of Mongolia and the Mongolian peoples and neighboring countries and peoples, to the revival and development of the culture and language of the Buryat people, for active public activities and full support of international scientific relations

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Sh. B. Chimitdorzhiev was awarded the Russian Order of Friendship, the Mongolian order "Genghis Khans Aldrin Odon" ("Glory of Genghis Khan"), the jubilee medal "Their Mongol Ulas baiguulagdsany 800 zhilin oi" ("800th anniversary of the Mongolian statehood"), as well as Honorary Certificates of the Supreme Soviet and Government of Buryatia, Honorary Certificates of the USSR Academy of Sciences, SB RAS and BNC. At the international scientific conference (1999), he was awarded the Large Silver Medal "Zaya Bandida Namkhayzhamts" for his contribution to the study of the history of Mongolia and Central Asian countries, and the gold medal "For his contribution to the Heritage of the peoples of Russia". Sh. B. Chimitdorzhiev is a laureate of the P. R. Atutov Prize of the Government of the Republic of Buryatia (for a series of works on history Buryatia, Russia and Mongolia), winner of the contest " Best People of Buryatia "("Buryaadai turuu hunuud"). His name is included in the encyclopedia " The Best People of Russia "(Moscow, 2003).

COLLEAGUES AND FRIENDS

MAIN SCIENTIFIC WORKS OF SH. B. CHIMITDORZHIEV 1

Role of Rinchinos activities in Mongolia during 1920 - 1925 years // The third international symposium on mongolology sponsored by Inner Mongolia university. Dumdadu ulus. Kuke-koto, 1998.

Otsenka deyatel'nosti Elbek-Dorji Rinchino v Mongol'ii v 1920-1925 godakh [Assessment of the activities of Elbek - Dorji Rinchino in Mongolia in 1920-1925]. Mezhdunar. nauchn. konf. "Elbek-Dorji Rinchino i narodno-demokraticheskoe dvizhenie v Rossii, Tsentral'noi Azii v XX veke"[International Scientific Conference " Elbek-Dorji Rinchino and the People's Democratic Movement in Russia, Central Asia in the XX century]. Reports, abstracts, and messages. Ulan-Ude: Government of the Republic of Buryatia, IMBiT SB RAS, 1998. pp. 48-51.

Return the name "Buryat-Mongolia"; "Buryaad-Mongol" to gezhe ne-busaakh. Ulan-Ude: Congress of the Buryat People, 1998. 60 p. (in Russian. and Buryat. yaz.).

Буряадай туухэ бэшэгууд. 2-dugaar nom. Ulan-Ude: BSC SB RAS Publishing House, 1998, 143 p. (in Buryat).

Surgaalai ugenuud (A word about education). Ulan-Ude: Belig Publishing House, 1999. 32 p. (in Buryat).

Buryat-Mongol ethnos and the Mongolian world // Problems of traditional culture of the peoples of the Baikal region. Proceedings of the International Conference Ulan-Ude: BSC SB RAS Publ., 1999, pp. 12-14.

The role of Kyakhta in the relations between Russia and Mongolia // Kyakhta: pages of History. Ulan-Ude: VSGAKI Publishing House, 1999, pp. 122-129.

Academician Ya. I. Schmidt i russkoe mongolovedenie na rubezhe XVIII-XIX vv. [Schmidt and Russian Mongol studies at the Turn of the XVIII-XIX centuries]. Proceedings of the International Conference Ulan-Ude: BSU Publishing House, 1999, pp. 5-8.

The revival of the Buryat culture in the context of the development of the Mongol world // Materials of the "Round table" on "the status of the implementation of the state national policy of the Republic of Buryatia". Ulan-Ude: Narodny Khural Respubliki Buryatia, IMBiT SB RAS, 1999, pp. 43-47.

Buryat-Mongols: history and Modernity (essays). Reflections of a Mongolian scholar. Ulan-Ude: Republic Printing House, 2000, 128 p.

New understanding of the personality of the Mongolian Khagan (about the novel by Isai Kalashnikov "Cruel Century") / / Kalashnikov readings 1997-1998. Articles and speeches. Issue 1. Ulan-Ude: Publishing House "Naran", 2000. pp. 23-27.

Pan-Mongolian movement is a pan-Mongolian national movement / / Mongolian Studies. Issue 3. Ulan-Ude: BSC SB RAS Publ., 2000, pp. 12-30.

Trip of the Khori-Buryat delegation to Peter the Great in 1702-1703. Ulan-Ude: Buryaad unen, 2000. 58 p. (co-authored by S. Ts. A. Zhimbiev).

Rol ' i mesto buryat-mongol'skikh deyateli v stranakh Tsentral'noi Azii [The role and place of Buryat-Mongolian figures in the countries of Central Asia]. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference Tom I. Ulan-Ude: BSC SB RAS Publ., 2000, pp. 116-123.

Zarubezhye i buryatskiye deystveli [Foreign countries and Buryat figures]. Zhirendorzhievskie chitaniya - 2000. Збірник наукових статей. Київ: Полиграф. center "Foliant", 2000. pp. 131-140.

Outstanding Buryat figures. Ulan-Ude: BSC SB RAS Publ., 2000. Issue 1. 168 s; 2000. Issue 2. 152 s; 1999. Issue 3. 180 s; 2001.Issue 4. 188 p.; 2004. Issue 5. 186 p.; 2005. Issue 6. 232 p.; 2006. Issue 7. 175 p. (co-authored with T. M. Mikhailov, issues 1-5).

Khori-Buryats visit Sagaan Khan (the White King). Essays on the history of Khori-Buryat. Medieval and modern times. Ulan-Ude: Buryat Publishing House, 2001, 157 p.

Outstanding figures-natives of Khori-Buryats (essays). Ulan-Ude: Buryat. kn. izd., 2002. 211 p.

Compiled by S. D. Tubchinov. For a list of the main scientific works of Sh. B. Chimitdorzhiev up to 1997, compiled by V. B. Tsyrempilov and V. E. Radnaev, see: Peoples of Asia and Africa. 1986. N 5. pp. 211-212; Vostok (Oriens). 1998. N 1. pp. 219-221.

page 209

Буряадай туухэ бэшэгууд тухай. Буряад арадай уг гарбал тухай. Буряад арад // Mongolian culture studies, IV. A people divided Buriyat Mongols in Russia, Mongolia and China. Cologne. Germany, 2002, pp. 23-38 (in Mongolian).

National liberation movement of the Mongolian people in the XVII-XVIII centuries. Ulan-Ude: BSC SB RAS Publishing House, 2002, 215 p.

The Kyakhta Treaty of 1727: the Question of Refugees // VIII International Congress of Mongol Studies (Ulaanbaatar, August 2002). Doklady rossiiskoi delegatsii [Reports of the Russian delegation], Moscow: IV RAS, 2002, pp. 135-138.

Genghis Khan and his epoch in Mongol literature / / Genghis Khan and the fate of the peoples of Eurasia. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference Ulan-Ude: BSU Publishing House, 2003, pp. 126-134.

Georgy Nikitich Rumyantsev is an Oriental scholar. Essays. Ulan-Ude: BSC SB RAS Publ., 2003, 68 p. (in Russian) (co-authored with V. TS. Lyksokova).

Narodnye predaniya ob Amarsan i Chingunzhava [Folk legends about Amarsan and Chingunzhava]. Central Asia and Siberia, Barnaul: Izd. "Az Buka", 2003, pp. 31-36.

Дацангийн ном зохиолууд (Дацанские книги) // Олон улс судлал. Ulaanbaatar, 2003, N 3. pp. 126-132.

K voprosu o proiskhozhdenii khori-buryat i territorii ikh rasseleniya [On the origin of the Khori-Buryats and the territory of their settlement]: from opposition to consent (300 years of Peter I's Decree). Part IV. Ulan-Ude: Republic Printing House, 2003, pp. 47-58.

Agreement on the establishment of friendly Relations (1921) and Russian-Mongolian relations at the turn of the XX-XXI centuries. Issue 4. Ulan-Ude: Buryat. kn. izd., 2003, pp. 6-16 (together with A. TS Dorzhiev).

Who are we-Buryat-Mongols? Second edition, supplement. Ulan-Ude: Buryat Publishing House, 2004, 129 p.

Annals, chronicles, genealogies as a historical source / / Buryats. Series "Peoples and Cultures", Moscow: Nauka Publ., 2004, pp. 251-258.

Buryat chroniclers - the first historians of Buryatia. Series "Peoples and Cultures", Moscow: Nauka Publ., 2004, pp. 258-262.

How the united Buryat-Mongolia disappeared (1937 and 1958). Second edition, supplement. Ulan-Ude: Buryat. kn. izd., 2004. 163 p.

Kensur Agvan-Nima (1907-1990). Buryat lharambas abroad / / Olon uls sudlal, 2004, N2. pp. 119-123.

On the ethnic origin of the Khongodors / / Khongodors in the ethnic history of the Mongolian peoples. Materials of mezhregion. conf. Ulan-Ude: BSU Publishing House, 2004, pp. 35-44.

Buryats-tributaries of the Mongol khanates in Russian citizenship (XVII century) / / International Congress of Asian and African Studies. ICANAS-37. International Congress of Orientalists. Theses, II. Moscow, 2004, pp. 665-666.

Prominent state and public figure of Buryatia Gombo Tsybikovich Belgaev / / Man of amazing fate. Ulan-Ude: Buryaad unen, 2004. pp. 11-32.

Izuchenie i publikatsiya buryatskikh letopisey [Study and publication of Buryat Chronicles]. Materials of the intern. of the workshop. Ulan-Ude: BSC SB RAS Publ., 2005, pp. 118-126.

Academician Bimbin Rinchen-outstanding scientist and writer (1905-1977). Ulan-Ude: BSC SB RAS Publ., 2005, 96 p. (in Russian)

Agvan Dorzhiev in the years of mass repressions in the USSR (the last years of his life) / / Civilizational processes in the Far East. Mongolia and its Environment, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, 2005, pp. 100-107.

"The Mongol Yoke" in Russian historiography // Их Монгол Улсын тор есны уламжлал. Олон улсын эрдэм шинжилгээний хурал. Ulaanbaatar, 2006. pp. 88-95.

Tsokto Badmazhapov is the discoverer of the" dead " city of Harahoto. Ulan-Ude: Library of the magazine "Secrets of Buryatia", 2006. 52 p.

Altargana-2006: past, present, and future //Vershki, N 3. 2006. P. 3-8. (Together with B-D. Sodnomovym).

The merits of Tzogto Badmazhapov in discovering the dead town Khara-Khoto / / Mongol studies. Issue 5. Ulan-Ude: Buryat Publishing House, 2007, pp. 178-189.

Буряад хэлэеэ абараял! Ехэ Монголой уе сагые шэнжэлэгшэ // Байгал. Ulaan-Ude, 2007, N 2. pp. 148-150, 156-158.

The role of atamans in the colonization of the Baikal region and Transbaikalia. Issue 5. Ulan-Ude: Buryat. kn. izd., 2007, pp. 37-48.

Lama L. Mizhid-Dorji. "Tobchi domug" (Narration of a trip to Mongolia, China, Tibet...) (translated from the Old Mongolian by Sh. Chimitdorzhiev and Zh. Garmaev) / / Mongolian Studies. Issue 5. Ulan-Ude: Buryat. kn. izd., 2007, pp. 135-154.

About the composition of Luvsan Mizhid-Dorji. (co-authored with S. Zh. Garmaev) / / Mongol studies. Issue 5. Ulan-Ude: Buryat. kn. izd., 2007. p. 155-158.

The history of heroes and traitors (from the history of the liberation struggle of the Mongolian peoples in the XVII-XVIII centuries) / / Secrets of Buryatia. Ulan-Ude: Nova Print, 2005, N 4 (11). pp. 18-21; 2006, N 1 (12). P. 20 - 22; 2007, 1 (13). P. 12-15.

Meng-da bei-lu-a source on the early history of the Mongols / / Russia and Mongolia through the prism of time. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference, dedicated to to the 80th anniversary of D. B. Ulymzhiev's birth. Ulan-Ude: BSU Publishing House, pp. 70-73.


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